You might run into the following error when trying to compile a library that interacts with Python:  

fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
    #include <Python.h>

You are most likely missing the Python development headers, which can found in the package python-dev . Install python-dev via apt-get in the Run Environment screen.

A note on this: the apt-get package python  only includes the runtime components rather than the development headers.

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